Manage the State's National Parks, Reserves and wildlife resources, conduct scientific studies, prepare management plans, advise on land use policy and preserve sites significant to aboriginal and European heritage of Tasmania.
The Department was created by a process of amalgamation as part of a general reorganisation of the Tasmanian State Service on 17 July 1989. It comprised Parks and Wildlife from the Department of Lands, Parks and Wildlife, the Administrative Services Division of the Department of the Environment and the Heritage Section of the Department of the Premier and Cabinet. On 1 July 1990 the Department assumed administrative control of the Tasmanian Botanical Gardens. On 18 February 1992, following a change of Government, the Inland Fisheries Commission also came under the administrative control of the Department, transferred from the Department of Primary Industry.
On 2 February 1993 the Department was amalgamated with the Department of Environment and Planning to create the Department of Environment and Land Management (DELM). The Parks and Wildlife Service became a division within DELM.